How did people keep meat fresh before refrigeration?
Other than refrigeration, many preservation techniques like salting, drying, smoking, pickling, and fermenting have been used for a very long time.
How did they keep meat cold in the old days?
By the end of the 1800s, many American households stored their perishable food in an insulated icebox, which was typically made of wood and lined with tin or zinc, and continued to do so into the 1930s. This image from the 1920s is courtesy of the Sloane Collection.
How did people preserve food before refrigeration?
Natural sources like streams and caves were also a great cooling option, with the deeper the cave in the earth, the cooler the air would be. As times changed, however, and hunting for food became less common, people had to start finding ways to keep food fresh.
How did hunter gatherers preserve meat?
Fermenting, or letting food rot, would have been a typical method for hunter-gatherers to preserve food. It involved burying the fish or meat in the ground and waiting. Fermentation has the same result as cooking while also preserving the food.
People have been preserving and storing their food for centuries, especially milk and butter, in cellars, outdoor window boxes, or even underwater in nearby lakes, streams, or wells. Alternatively, they may have kept food in a springhouse, where cool stream water trickled between or under pans and crocks that were stored on shelves.
How did early humans preserve food?
In cold climates, they would freeze meat on the ice to preserve it; in hot climates, they would dry food in the sun to preserve it. These early methods of food preservation allowed ancient man to establish roots and form communities.
What did people do before fridges were invented?
At different times ice houses were built, frequently underground or as insulated buildings – these were used to store ice and snow sourced during the winter, to keep foods cold during the warmer months.
How did Native Americans keep meat from spoiling?
While salting was generally known as a good preservative option, salt was typically difficult to come by, so smoking was one of the most popular ways for Native Americans to keep their meat for longer. Smoking was one of the leading ways to preserve fish, bison, and other meats.
How did Indians preserve deer meat?
Traditional teepees and smoke shelters were used to create a low humidity smoky environment so the food could dry out. These were typically used to smoke entire animal hides as well as the meat. Native Americans used both indoor and outdoor smoking processes for their meat preservation.
How did Native Americans cook meat?
I have uncovered dozens of these ancient cooking utensils, and thousands of pieces of them, with the charred grease still sticking to them. Indians, who had clay kettles, used them to pot-roast their meats, the pot being heaped around with embers and covered with a flat stone.
Native Americans used to store rendered fat in their large intestines or bladders, but storage jars are more palatable. Rendered fat is a key ingredient in pemmican and will last for about a year if kept cool.
In some nations, ice was bought so that households could use an ice chest, which was made up of three insulated boxes (similar to a fridge cavity). Ice was put in the top box, food was put in the middle, and a tray was put in the bottom box to catch the water that would inevitably drip as the ice melted.
Ancient Egyptians had access to a variety of meat-preserving techniques, including drying, salting (dry and wet), smoking, combining any of these techniques, pemmicaning, and using fat, beer, or honey to cure meat.